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What is a Jumbo Loan & Would I Qualify

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It’s over halfway through 2015 and the luxury housing market is booming. According to the Washington Post, soaring prices and sales in the luxury market are factors due to the rapid growth of “jumbo loans” in the Washington area and around the nation. Nearly 1 in 4 mortgages originated in 2014 around the country were jumbo loans, spurred also by lenders’ efforts to make the mortgages more attractive to buyers. 

What is a Jumbo Loan?

A Jumbo Loan is a conventional mortgage with a loan amount that is higher than $417,000 in most areas of the United States, exceeding conforming loan limits imposed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the large financial agencies that purchase the bulk of US residential mortgages from banks and other lenders, allow for institutions to free up money to lend more mortgages to those looking to purchase homes. Jumbo loans happen when Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac do not cover the full amount of the loan, which normally occurs when homebuyers are looking to buy larger, more luxurious homes, which come with a higher price tag.

Difference between Jumbo Loan and Conventional Loan

 In the past, jumbo loans have required higher interest rates from buyers, but according to the WSJ, low interest rates triggered a refinance flurry in the first few months of 2015 and the volume of jumbo mortgages—those above $417,000 in most places and $625,500 in some high-price areas—reached an estimated $160 billion in the first six months of 2015, up about 36% from a year ago at the same time, says Guy Cecala, publisher of Inside Mortgage Finance, which covers the industry. Since these normally higher interest rates have stayed relatively low, the main difference between a Jumbo Loan and a Conventional Loan is just the higher monetary amount and monthly payments that the loan is for.

Qualifying

So how do you know if you as a borrower qualify for a jumbo loan? To secure a jumbo loan, you must start by having a high credit score (greater than 700), and low debt-to-income ratio (no more than 45%)  . As a lender, there are some risks associated with providing jumbo loans since they are worth more money (and come with the potential to lose more). In order to secure a jumbo mortgage, you will have to put down a higher down payment than with a conventional loan. Along with a higher down payment (typically around 20% of the price of the home), the monthly payments and interest rates will also be higher- although in recent years interest rates for jumbo loans have been reduced. The Washington Post reports that today, the interest rates and down payment requirements are more aligned with conforming loans, making them more appealing for borrowers. Jumbo loan borrowers still typically need to prove they have cash reserves in the bank, a high credit score, a solid employment history and a low debt-to-income ratio in order to be approved.

Remember- jumbo mortgages are great solutions for those looking to buy higher-priced homes, and it is critical to do your research when trying to secure the best value. In the very near future, interest rates for jumbo loans are expected to rise especially if the Federal Reserve raises its interest rate benchmark (expected in September), so for the best rate, don’t wait! Need more assistance? We can help. Contact Alpha Mortgage today and make the first step in securing your jumbo loan.